Dental Services / Dental Tourism

Impacted Teeth

Impacted Teeth have been defined as those whose eruption is partially or wholly obstructed by bone or other teeth. Practically any tooth may become impacted. The teeth are impacted most frequently are the upper lower 3rd molars (wisdom teeth), followed by the upper canines and the lower premolars. The cause of impactions is more theoretical than factual. It seems probable that heredity-such as transmission of small jaws from one parent and large teeth from the other-may be an important etiological factor in impaction.

In this day of excellent dental care, as a preventive measure, all impacted teeth should be removed while the person is young. It is easier to remove impacted teeth in he young individual because the patient tolerates the surgical procedure better and does not require extensive surgery, as done the adult. Young people recovers more quickly and the potential for complications following surgery is less.

Why all impacted teeth must be removed?

These impacted teeth can cause various problems such as:

  1. Gingival Infection, the surrounding gingival becomes infected (pericoronitis) causing pain and pus formation. This may also produce foul taste, bad breath, facial deformity and difficulty in opening of mouth.
  2. The adjacent tooth decays as a result of accumulation of food between teeth, which is difficult to remove. This will also produce foul taste and bad breath.
  3. Loss of bone, which may also cause lost of the adjacent tooth due to periodontal problem.
  4. A cyst can develop and cause massive destruction of bone and/or migration of adjacent teeth. Degeneration of the cyst into ameloblastoma (tumor) and frank carcinoma with its serious sequelae have been reported.
  5. Abnormal eruption is caused in other teeth.
  6. Fracture easily occurs in the area of the impacted tooth
  7. Other teeth are displaced resulting in crowding of teeth and will render orthodontic treatment a failure.